Fabrication of a New Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Using CuO/TiO2 Nanocomposite Synthesized via an Electrochemical Technique

  • ali abdalsalam ahmed Ministry of Education, Rusafa Second Directorate of Education, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Aqeel mahdi jreo

Abstract

Various standard methods have previously been used for the synthesis of nanoparticles that
produce unhealthy waste. They are also considered unsafe and expensive methods. An alternative
technology is needed to synthesize nanoparticles that consume less energy and are more
environmentally friendly. In this research, a CuO/TiO2 nanocomposite has been synthesized with a
mole ratio of 1.5:1, which produces good energy and no environmental pollution using an easy
and fast method (electrochemical). The morphology and structure of the nanocomposite were
examined using TEM, FESEM, AFM, and FTIR. The particle size of the CuO/TiO2
nanocomposites was found to range between 10.52 and 88.10 nm, while optical properties were
diagnosed using UV-visible spectroscopy since its measurements showed the amount of gap
energy (3.08 eV). The structure of the nanocomposite was demonstrated using X-ray diffraction
(XRD), where the mixed anatase and rutile phases were observed for TiO2, while the monoclinic
(tenorite) phase was observed for CuO. Additionally, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have
been fabricated from CuO/TiO2 nanocomposite, which was synthesized by a new green method,
and pigments (methylene blue as a chemical dye and chlorophyll as a natural dye). These DSSCs
were characterized by their high ability to absorb ultraviolet energy, where the efficiency of
energy conversion ɳ of ITO-CuO/TiO2 was approximately 2.62 and 3.87% with chlorophyll (a
natural dye) and methylene blue (a chemical dye), respectively, where ɳ of ITO-CuO/TiO2 with
methylene blue is the best.

Published
Jun 28, 2024
How to Cite
AHMED, ali abdalsalam; JREO, Aqeel mahdi. Fabrication of a New Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Using CuO/TiO2 Nanocomposite Synthesized via an Electrochemical Technique. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 1, p. 57-68, june 2024. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://www.pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/1346>. Date accessed: 15 july 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21743/PJAEC/2024.06.06.