Evaluation of Residual Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentrations of Processed and Unprocessed Fish Body Parts: a Human Health Risk Assessment

  • Emmanuel Ilesanmi Adeyeye Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti
  • Olayinka Abidemi Ibigbami Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti
  • Adeolu Jonathan Adesina Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti
  • Abioye Rauf Olatoye Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti
  • Yusuff Ayinde Gbolagade Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti

Abstract

Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from a dry extract of fresh and smoked body parts of Clarias gariepinus were examined to determine associated potential human health risks. Gas chromatography analysis was employed for the PAHs determination. The PAHs levels ranged from 0.001 µg/kg [indeno (1,2,3-cd)pyrene] to 11.7 µg/kg (acenaphthene) in fresh (extract), while the smoked (extract) showed 0.001 µg/kg [indeno (1,2,3-cd)pyrene] to 12.7 µg/kg (pyrene). The liver and head smoked were observed to be more contaminated as compared to fresh parts. Individual PAHs in the fish parts were less than the 12.0 µg/kg limit in food as set by the European Union (EU). Although there was evidence of contamination, the potential health risk associated with the fish consumption revealed no observable potential health risk to consumers.

Published
Dec 23, 2021
How to Cite
ADEYEYE, Emmanuel Ilesanmi et al. Evaluation of Residual Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentrations of Processed and Unprocessed Fish Body Parts: a Human Health Risk Assessment. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 320-331, dec. 2021. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://www.pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/685>. Date accessed: 05 july 2022. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21743/pjaec/2021.12.11.